It was the state's strongest earthquake since the 1992 St. George earthquake, the first major earthquake to occur within the Salt Lake Valley since the city was founded, and the first earthquake of similar magnitude to occur near Salt Lake City since 1962, when a magnitude 5.0 earthquake struck a similar location in Magna. The June quake was preceded by a magnitude 5.9 ML tremor that struck the region at a slightly deeper 8.9 km (5.5 mi). At Dover itself, a piece of the cliffs fell, and so did part of the castle wall. Such maps help to identify earthquake epicenters, particularly where no instrumental records exist, such as for historical earthquakes. Homepage. Its effects started to be felt in London at around six o'clock in the evening of 6 April 1 The 2007 Kent earthquake was initially thought to have occurred in the Dover Straits, but later analysis showed it to have occurred directly under the town of Folkestone in Kent. 1580 Dover Straits This 5.8 magnitude quake is supposedly referred to in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. Its epicenter was located between Quillagua and Tocopilla, affecting the Tarapacá and the Antofagasta regions in northern Chile. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Author links open overlay panel G ... by the aftershocks and the spatial distribution of intensities show that the epicentre probably lay offshore in the Straits of Dover. ", The English public was so eager to read about the quake that a few months later, Abraham Fleming was able to publish a collection of reports of the Easter Earthquake, including those written by Thomas Churchyard, Richard Tarlton (described as the writing clown of Shakespeare's day), Francis Schackleton, Arthur Golding, Thomas Twine, John Philippes, Robert Gittins, and John Grafton, as well as Fleming's own account. Musson, G. Neilson and P.W. Manta's central commercial shopping district, Tarqui, was completely destroyed. Shaksper: The Global Shakespeare Discussion List, 2002 archives Friday, 26 April 2002, and following messages, which, taken together, compile references used to write this article. In Hythe, Kent, Saltwood Castle — made famous as the site where the plot was hatched in December 1170 to assassinate Thomas Becket — was rendered uninhabitable until it was repaired in the 19th century. Elenco studi Data sources. been exacerbated by local site conditions. Based on contemporary reports of damage, the epicentre is thought to have been in the Straits of Dover. The British Geological Survey estimates the magnitude to be 5.7–5.8  ML . [12]. 6 April – Dover Straits earthquake. Dover Straits earthquake (1580) Main article: 1580 Dover Straits earthquake. According to most reports, only two people died: Thomas Gray, an apprentice shoemaker, and his fellow servant Mabel Everite. Conteining A generall doctrine of sundrie signes and wonders, specially Earthquakes both particular and generall: A discourse of the end of this world: A commemoration of our late Earthquake, the 6 of April, about 6 of the clocke in the evening 1580. Shaking intensity is localized, generally diminishing with distance from the earthquake's epicenter, but can be amplified in sedimentary basins and certain kinds of unconsolidated soils. Membership OPEN . Newly translated and collected by Abraham Fleming.[7]. Earthquake in the Straits of Dover 1580 On April 6th 1580 there occurred an earthquake beneath the Straits of Dover that was one of the most severe recorded in the region. Elenco terremoti Earthquakes [] () Musson R.M.W., 2008. Kent was hit by a small earthquake on Saturday that brought down power lines and caused structural damage. At Sandwich a loud noise emanated from the Channel, as church arches cracked and the gable end of a transept fell at St Peter's Church. Dover Straits earthquake (1580) On 6 April 1580 a 5.8 magnitude earthquake occurred with its epicentre on the sea bed close to Calais. Interest in earthquakes, and publications on the subject, tended to be linked to the occurrence of particular events. The 1580 earthquake was a magnitude of 5.5 to 6 on the Richter Scale and caused 'extensive damage in London', even though its epicentre was in the Dover Straits, Dr Musson told the British Science Festival. ; 12th July » The Ostrog Bible, one of the early printed Bibles in a Slavic languages known as Slavic language, is published. It was widely felt, with some damage being recorded up to 200 kilometres (120 mi) from the epicenter in both Mexico and the United States. 100% (1/1) Churchyard . Excessive Violence In Scotland, local report of the quake disturbed the adolescent James VI, who was informed that it was the work of the Devil.[9]. Part of Stratford Castle in Essex collapsed. [4] The Channel Tunnel was therefore designed to withstand those tremors. It was also felt strongly (with damage) in France and the Low Countries. [4] Peasants in the fields reported a low rumble and saw the ground roll in waves. Reproduction Date: Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare,[1] the Dover Straits earthquake of 6 April 1580 appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. Giant waves were reported at the time and hundreds of people were killed when ships were sunk by the waves and the low-lying coastal land around Calais was inundated by the sea. [8] [9] Mancall notes that Churchyard's pamphlet provides a sense of immediacy so often lacking in retrospective writing. This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Contemporary accounts describe a relative short quake that damaged church steeples and chimneys, and caused the bells at Westminster to ring. An anachronism crept into the story below (concerning the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake) when we said its effects were felt as far up the Thames as … earthquake List of earthquakes in the United Kingdom earthquake of 1580. 6th April » One of the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake named largest earthquakes recorded in the history of England, Flanders, or Northern France, takes place. A study undertaken during the design of the Channel Tunnel estimated the magnitude of the 1580 quake at 5.3–5.9ML and its focal depth at 20–30 km, in the lower crust. Source for much detail in this article. There was also previously an earthquake of the same magnitude in 1382. Several aftershocks, ranging up to 4.5 Mw in magnitude, occurred after the main tremor. "It being reported to the King that the Master of Gray his house did shake and rock in the night as with an earthquake, and the King (then 14 years old) interrogated, "The 'London' earthquake of 1580 April 6", in, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of earthquakes in the United Kingdom, "London warned: you're overdue for an earthquake", Shaksper: The Global Shakespeare Discussion List, 2002 archives, European Historical Earthquakes Archive: the 1580 Dover Straits earthquake, 2 killed in England, "many" in France and "several" in Flanders. [5] Being relatively deep, the quake was felt over a large area and it is not certain where the epicentre was located. April 6 – The Dover Straits earthquake occurs. Around 20 past 9 in the morning on April 22, 1884, Colchester was hit by a major quake. //-->, This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. Published by Henry Denham on 27 June 1580, Fleming's pamphlet was titled: A Bright Burning Beacon, forewarning all wise Virgins to trim their lampes against the coming of the Bridegroome. Therefore, PGA is often split into the horizontal and vertical components. It measures the effects of an earthquake at a given location, distinguished from the earthquake's inherent force or strength as measured by seismic magnitude scales. 1580 Dover Straits earthquake Though severe earthquakes in the north of France and Britain are rare, the Dover Straits earthquake of 6 April 1580 appears to have been one of the largest in the recorded history of England, Flanders or northern France. In Dover, part of the chalk cliff collapsed, taking with it part of Dover Castle. At 7:09 AM MDT on March 18, 2020, a 5.7 magnitude earthquake hit Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, with an epicenter 6 km (3.7 mi) north-northeast of Magna, Utah. 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